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Canon EOS 5D vs EOS 7D Comparison

Storage & Battery

Canon EOS 5D

Canon EOS 5D

Canon EOS 7D

Canon EOS 7D camera
Canon EOS 5D
Canon EOS 7D
Refers to the year this camera was officially made available for sale.
Announcement Date
Refers to the date the manufacturer publicly announced the upcoming release and general specs of this camera.
August 22, 2005
September 01, 2009
Camera Type
Camera Size
Camera Weight

The Canon EOS 7D comes out on top with a score of 45/100, while the Canon EOS 5D trails behind with a score of 40/100. Both cameras are DSLRs, and they share similar dimensions and weight, with the 7D being slightly lighter and smaller. They were released a few years apart, with the 5D in 2005 and the 7D in 2009. The launch prices were almost the same, with the 7D being slightly cheaper at $1974 compared to the 5D’s $2000.

The Canon EOS 7D’s higher score means it has better features, making it a more desirable camera for photographers. However, the Canon EOS 5D still has its merits, especially considering its age. Despite being an older model, the 5D can still deliver quality results for those who prefer its specific features or are on a budget.

After evaluating the general specifications, the Canon EOS 7D is the better camera due to its higher score and more advanced features. However, the Canon EOS 5D remains a viable option for those who value its unique characteristics or are looking for a more affordable option.

Canon EOS 5D vs EOS 7D Overview and Optics

The Canon EOS 5D takes the lead in optics with a score of 46/100, while the Canon EOS 7D trails behind with a score of 43/100. Both cameras have a few similarities in their specifications, such as the CMOS sensor type, the absence of image stabilization, and the compatibility with Canon EF lenses.

The Canon EOS 5D outshines the EOS 7D in certain aspects. It features a full-frame sensor, which provides a larger sensor area, resulting in better image quality and low-light performance. Additionally, the 5D has a higher DXOMARK score for the sensor, standing at 71 compared to the 7D’s 66, signifying superior overall image quality.

On the other hand, the Canon EOS 7D boasts some advantages over the 5D. It has a higher megapixel count of 18, allowing for more detailed images and larger prints. The 7D also has a more advanced processor, the Dual Digic 4, which enables faster processing and better image quality. Moreover, the 7D’s shooting speed of 8 frames per second is significantly faster than the 5D’s 3 frames per second, making it more suitable for action photography.

Taking these factors into account, the Canon EOS 5D is the better choice for photographers seeking superior image quality and low-light performance, thanks to its full-frame sensor and higher DXOMARK score. However, the Canon EOS 7D is a more versatile option for those who require faster shooting speeds, greater detail, and a more advanced processor.

The higher the number of megapixels, the more detail the cameras sensor can capture.
12.7 MP
18 MP
Image Resolution
Image resolution is measured in pixels and megapixels, width by height. The higher the number, the higher its resolution.
4368 x 2912 px
5184 x 3456 px
Sensor Type
The camera sensor captures light and records the image. Sensors vary in physical size, the number of pixels, and quality.
Sensor Size
The sensor size contributes to the overall quality as well as the dynamic and tonal range a camera can capture. As a rule of thumb, the more surface there is to read the light, the more information it will capture.
24 x 36 mm
14.9 x 22.3 mm
Sensor Format
Refers to the most commonly used sensor sizes.
Full Frame
Frame Rate
The number of sequential frames per second the camera can write to the memory card when shooting in burst or continuous mode.
3 fps
8 fps
Lens Mount
The lens mount will tell you what type of lens range you can fit onto the camera body. Often the same camera company will have different lens ranges for different cameras.
Canon EF
Canon EF-S
Image Processor
The image processor in the camera converts the information collected on the sensor for digital storage on the memory card.
Digic II
Dual Digic 4
Aspect Ratio
The aspect ratio refers to the proportional difference between width and height. The most popular aspect ratios are 3:2 and 4:3.
Minimum ISO (Native)
Refers to the lowest native (or 'base') ISO setting. Lower ISO are less sensitive to light but make a cleaner image.
Maximum ISO (Native)
Refers to the highest native (or 'base') ISO setting. Higher ISO is necessary for low-light situations or night photography, but higher ISOs often introduce grain or noise.
Minimum ISO (Expanded)
Expanded (or extended) ISO is a digitally enhanced feature available on some cameras. It allows you to push beyond the native ISO range if necessary.
Maximum ISO (Expanded)
Expanded (or extended) ISO is a digitally enhanced feature available on some cameras. It allows you to push beyond the native ISO range if necessary.
Minimum Shutter Speed
The minimum shutter speed will tell you the longest exposure your camera can take without using an external accessory.
30 s
30 s
Maximum Shutter Speed
The maximum shutter speed tells you the length inside 1 second the camera will capture. These can sometimes be extended with accessories such as extra external batteries.
1/ 8000 s
1/ 8000 s
Autofocus Points
Autofocus points show where the camera is focusing graphically as squares or brackets in Live View or on an electronic viewfinder. These points are also used for light meter readings.
In-body Stabilization
In-body Stabilization means the camera has a certain technology embedded that counteracts camera shake.
Viewfinder Type
The viewfinder type is either electronic or optical. Electronic viewfinders will have a small screen in the viewfinder. Optical viewfinders will use prisms and mirrors to look through the lens.
Optical (pentaprism)
Optical (pentaprism)

Canon EOS 5D vs EOS 7D Video Performance

When comparing the video capabilities of the Canon EOS 5D and the Canon EOS 7D, it is essential to note that the Canon EOS 5D does not have any video functionality. Therefore, this comparison will focus on the video capabilities of the Canon EOS 7D.

The Canon EOS 7D offers a video score of 43 out of 100. It provides Full HD video resolution, with maximum dimensions of 1921 x 1080 pixels. The camera’s maximum video frame rate is 30 frames per second (fps). However, it is important to note that the Canon EOS 7D does not have built-in time-lapse functionality.

Considering the video capabilities of the Canon EOS 7D, it is clear that this camera offers basic video features suitable for casual users. The lack of video functionality in the Canon EOS 5D makes the Canon EOS 7D the superior choice for those interested in capturing video content.

Indicates if this camera is capable of recording video.
Max Video Resolution
The best resolution this camera can capture video in. Modern cameras can capture up to 8K video.
Full HD
Max Video Dimensions
Video resolution measured by the greatest number of pixels possible in each frame, width by height. A higher resolution means more detail or clarity in your video.
1921 x 1080 px
Max Video Frame Rate
How many frames per second your video will capture. Most cameras have options for multiple frame rates, depending on the resolution you shoot in. For a general video, 24p or 30p is the standard, but more serious filmmakers may need a higher frame rate for creative effect.
30 p
Time-Lapse Built In
A built in time-lapse mode will allow continuous shooting throughout a prolonged period of time to be compressed into a sped up video.
Video File Format
Different cameras can record in various video file formats. The File format you record in can impact how you edit and use the files.

Canon EOS 5D vs EOS 7D Features and Benefits

The Canon EOS 7D surpasses the Canon EOS 5D in features, scoring 54/100 compared to the 5D’s 30/100. Both cameras share some specifications, such as the absence of a touchscreen, flip screen, GPS, and Bluetooth. However, there are clear differences that set the 7D ahead of the 5D in terms of features.

The EOS 7D boasts a larger screen size of 3 inches, while the 5D has a 2.5-inch screen. Additionally, the 7D’s screen resolution is significantly higher with 920,000 dots compared to the 5D’s 230,000 dots. This difference provides the 7D with a clearer and more detailed display for better image review and camera control.

The 5D has one advantage over the 7D: it features Wi-Fi connectivity, allowing users to transfer files wirelessly and control the camera remotely. The 7D lacks this convenient feature. Despite this, the 7D’s overall feature set remains superior due to the larger screen and higher resolution.

Considering these points, the Canon EOS 7D offers better features than the Canon EOS 5D. The larger screen and higher resolution make it more user-friendly and enhance the overall shooting experience. Although the 5D has Wi-Fi, it falls short in other areas, making the 7D a more appealing option for photographers seeking a feature-rich camera.

Built-in Flash
A built-in flash will often be positioned right above the lens. This will automatically pop up when you activate it.
External Flash
External flashes are often connected through a hot shoe at the top of a camera, or a cable at the side of the camera.
GPS features in a camera will include location metadata to each of your photographs.
Weather Sealing
Weather sealing capabilities will give you more confidence when shooting in unfavourable conditions.
Screen Type
Touch Screen
Touchscreen allows you to change camera settings and access menus with a swipe of your finger, instead of using buttons.
Screen Size
Screen Resolution
Screen dots indicate the resolution of the LCD screen by including each sub pixel.
230,000 dots
920,000 dots
Flip Screen
A flip screen (or articulating screen) is a second screen which can flip out from the side or top of the camera. This rotating screen allows you more freedom to take photos at different angles.
Live View
Live View feature allows you to see a continuous live video of what is being seen through your lens.
Bluetooth capabilities allow you wireless control of your camera with other external devices.

Canon EOS 5D vs EOS 7D Storage and Battery

The Canon EOS 7D outperforms the Canon EOS 5D in storage and battery with a score of 35/100, compared to the 5D’s 24/100. Both cameras have one memory card slot and do not support USB charging. They also accept Compact Flash (Type I or II) memory cards.

The EOS 7D has an advantage with its extended battery life, offering 800 shots per charge, while the 5D only provides 400 shots. Additionally, the 7D is compatible with UDMA and Microdrive memory cards, which expands its storage capabilities. Its battery type is LP-E6, which is different from the 5D’s BP-511A.

The EOS 5D, however, does not have any distinct advantages in storage and battery compared to the 7D.

Considering these points, the Canon EOS 7D is the superior choice for storage and battery performance, primarily due to its longer battery life and wider range of memory card compatibility.

Storage and Battery
Storage and Battery
Memory Card
Compact Flash (Type I or II)
Compact Flash (Type I or II), UDMA, Microdrive
Dual Memory Card Slots
Battery Type
Battery Life
Approximately how long this cameras battery will last measured by how many photographs you will be able to take.
400 shots
800 shots
USB Charging
Sensor scores tested by DXOMARK
Overall Score
DXOMARK overall sensor score.
Portrait (Color Depth)
As described by DXOMARK 'The Portrait score in our camera sensor reviews defines color depth performance and its unit is a number of bits. A color depth of 22 bits is excellent; differences below 1 bit are barely noticeable.'
22.9 bits
22 bits
Landscape (Dynamic Range)
As described by DXOMARK 'The Landscape score in our camera sensor tests defines the maximum dynamic range of the camera sensor and its unit is an exposure value (EV). A value of 12 EV is excellent with differences below 0.5 EV usually not noticeable.'
11.1 EVs
11.7 EVs
Sports (Low-Light ISO)
Described by DXOMARK as 'The maximal value of ISO sensitivity needed to reach a given value of Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR). The greater the value, the better'

Alternatives to the Canon EOS 5D and EOS 7D

Canon EOS 5D vs EOS 7D Comparison image.

Are you still undecided about which camera is right for you? Have a look at these popular comparisons that feature the Canon EOS 5D or the Canon EOS 7D:

User Scores
B&H photo video
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