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Nikon D3300 vs D40 Comparison

Storage & Battery

Nikon D3300

Nikon D3300 camera image

Nikon D40

Nikon d40 camera image
Nikon D3300
Nikon D40
Refers to the year this camera was officially made available for sale.
Announcement Date
Refers to the date the manufacturer publicly announced the upcoming release and general specs of this camera.
January 07, 2014
November 16, 2006
Camera Type
Camera Size
Camera Weight

The Nikon D3300 outperforms the Nikon D40 with a score of 55/100 compared to the D40’s 28/100. Both cameras share similarities as DSLR cameras, with the same width of 124mm. However, the D3300 has a slight advantage in size, being 4mm taller and 12mm deeper than the D40. Additionally, the D3300 is lighter, weighing 430g, while the D40 weighs 522g.

Launched in 2014, the Nikon D3300 is a more recent model with a higher launch price of $650, compared to the D40’s $400 price in 2006. The D3300’s better score reflects the advancements in technology and features over the eight-year gap. Although the Nikon D40 has a lower score, its lower launch price may appeal to budget-conscious consumers.

Taking these factors into account, the Nikon D3300 stands out as a superior camera, offering a better overall performance and lighter, more compact design. However, the Nikon D40 might still be a viable option for those seeking a more affordable DSLR camera.

Nikon D3300 vs D40 Overview and Optics

The Nikon D3300 outperforms the Nikon D40 in optics, scoring 64/100 compared to the D40’s score of 33/100. Both cameras share some common specifications, such as the APS-C sensor size, Nikon F DX lens mount, and lack of image stabilisation.

The D3300’s superiority in optics is evident through its higher megapixel count of 24.2, compared to the D40’s 6 megapixels. This allows the D3300 to capture more detail and produce higher-resolution images. Additionally, the D3300 boasts a faster shooting speed of 5 frames per second, compared to the D40’s 2.5 frames per second. This enables users to capture fast-moving subjects more efficiently. The D3300 also has a more advanced CMOS sensor and Expeed 4 processor, resulting in better image quality and performance. Its DXOMARK sensor score of 82 further supports the D3300’s superior image quality compared to the D40’s score of 56.

The Nikon D40, on the other hand, does not offer any significant advantages in optics over the D3300. Its lower megapixel count, slower shooting speed, and older CCD sensor and image processing engine make it a less capable camera in terms of optics.

Considering the differences in specifications, it is clear that the Nikon D3300 offers better optical performance than the Nikon D40. With its higher megapixel count, faster shooting speed, and more advanced sensor and processor, the D3300 is the superior choice for photographers seeking better image quality and performance. The D40, with its lower score and dated specifications, falls short in comparison to the D3300.

The higher the number of megapixels, the more detail the cameras sensor can capture.
24.2 MP
6 MP
Image Resolution
Image resolution is measured in pixels and megapixels, width by height. The higher the number, the higher its resolution.
6000 x 4000 px
3008 x 2000 px
Sensor Type
The camera sensor captures light and records the image. Sensors vary in physical size, the number of pixels, and quality.
Sensor Size
The sensor size contributes to the overall quality as well as the dynamic and tonal range a camera can capture. As a rule of thumb, the more surface there is to read the light, the more information it will capture.
15.4 x 23.2 mm
16 x 24 mm
Sensor Format
Refers to the most commonly used sensor sizes.
Frame Rate
The number of sequential frames per second the camera can write to the memory card when shooting in burst or continuous mode.
5 fps
2.5 fps
Lens Mount
The lens mount will tell you what type of lens range you can fit onto the camera body. Often the same camera company will have different lens ranges for different cameras.
Nikon F DX
Nikon F DX
Image Processor
The image processor in the camera converts the information collected on the sensor for digital storage on the memory card.
Expeed 4
Nikon Image processing engine
Aspect Ratio
The aspect ratio refers to the proportional difference between width and height. The most popular aspect ratios are 3:2 and 4:3.
Minimum ISO (Native)
Refers to the lowest native (or 'base') ISO setting. Lower ISO are less sensitive to light but make a cleaner image.
Maximum ISO (Native)
Refers to the highest native (or 'base') ISO setting. Higher ISO is necessary for low-light situations or night photography, but higher ISOs often introduce grain or noise.
Minimum ISO (Expanded)
Expanded (or extended) ISO is a digitally enhanced feature available on some cameras. It allows you to push beyond the native ISO range if necessary.
Maximum ISO (Expanded)
Expanded (or extended) ISO is a digitally enhanced feature available on some cameras. It allows you to push beyond the native ISO range if necessary.
Minimum Shutter Speed
The minimum shutter speed will tell you the longest exposure your camera can take without using an external accessory.
30 s
30 s
Maximum Shutter Speed
The maximum shutter speed tells you the length inside 1 second the camera will capture. These can sometimes be extended with accessories such as extra external batteries.
1/ 4000 s
1/ 4000 s
Autofocus Points
Autofocus points show where the camera is focusing graphically as squares or brackets in Live View or on an electronic viewfinder. These points are also used for light meter readings.
In-body Stabilization
In-body Stabilization means the camera has a certain technology embedded that counteracts camera shake.
Viewfinder Type
The viewfinder type is either electronic or optical. Electronic viewfinders will have a small screen in the viewfinder. Optical viewfinders will use prisms and mirrors to look through the lens.
Optical (pentamirror)
Optical (pentamirror)

Nikon D3300 vs D40 Video Performance

When comparing the video capabilities of the Nikon D3300 and the Nikon D40, it is important to note that the Nikon D40 does not have any video functionality. Therefore, this comparison will focus on the video capabilities of the Nikon D3300.

The Nikon D3300 has a video score of 56 out of 100. This camera can record videos in Full HD with a maximum resolution of 1920 x 1080 pixels. It also supports a maximum video frame rate of 60 frames per second. However, the Nikon D3300 does not have built-in time-lapse functionality.

Considering the video capabilities, the Nikon D3300 is the only option between these two cameras for those who require video recording features. While the Nikon D40 lacks video functionality entirely, the D3300 provides Full HD recording and a decent frame rate for capturing smooth footage.

Indicates if this camera is capable of recording video.
Max Video Resolution
The best resolution this camera can capture video in. Modern cameras can capture up to 8K video.
Full HD
Max Video Dimensions
Video resolution measured by the greatest number of pixels possible in each frame, width by height. A higher resolution means more detail or clarity in your video.
1920 x 1080 px
Max Video Frame Rate
How many frames per second your video will capture. Most cameras have options for multiple frame rates, depending on the resolution you shoot in. For a general video, 24p or 30p is the standard, but more serious filmmakers may need a higher frame rate for creative effect.
60 p
Time-Lapse Built In
A built in time-lapse mode will allow continuous shooting throughout a prolonged period of time to be compressed into a sped up video.
Video File Format
Different cameras can record in various video file formats. The File format you record in can impact how you edit and use the files.

Nikon D3300 vs D40 Features and Benefits

The Nikon D3300 emerges as the winner in the features comparison, with a score of 41 out of 100, while the Nikon D40 scores only 17 out of 100. Both cameras share several common features, such as the absence of a touchscreen, flip screen, GPS, WIFI, and Bluetooth. However, the D3300 surpasses the D40 in specific aspects, making it the superior choice.

The D3300 boasts a larger screen size of 3 inches, compared to the D40’s 2.5 inches. This difference allows for a more comfortable and clear image preview. Moreover, the D3300’s screen resolution of 921,000 dots is significantly higher than the D40’s 230,000 dots, contributing to a sharper and more detailed display. These advantages make the D3300 more user-friendly and efficient in terms of image viewing and menu navigation.

Despite the lower score, the D40 does not possess any distinct advantages over the D3300 in terms of features. The similarities between the two cameras do not provide any opportunity for the D40 to outshine the D3300, making it difficult to justify choosing the D40 over the D3300 based on features alone.

Taking all aspects into consideration, the Nikon D3300 is the better choice when comparing features between the two cameras. Its larger screen size and higher screen resolution significantly enhance the user experience, providing more detailed image previews and easier menu navigation. On the other hand, the Nikon D40 fails to present any notable advantages in this comparison, making it a less appealing option for potential buyers.

Built-in Flash
A built-in flash will often be positioned right above the lens. This will automatically pop up when you activate it.
External Flash
External flashes are often connected through a hot shoe at the top of a camera, or a cable at the side of the camera.
GPS features in a camera will include location metadata to each of your photographs.
Weather Sealing
Weather sealing capabilities will give you more confidence when shooting in unfavourable conditions.
Screen Type
Touch Screen
Touchscreen allows you to change camera settings and access menus with a swipe of your finger, instead of using buttons.
Screen Size
Screen Resolution
Screen dots indicate the resolution of the LCD screen by including each sub pixel.
921,000 dots
230,000 dots
Flip Screen
A flip screen (or articulating screen) is a second screen which can flip out from the side or top of the camera. This rotating screen allows you more freedom to take photos at different angles.
Live View
Live View feature allows you to see a continuous live video of what is being seen through your lens.
Bluetooth capabilities allow you wireless control of your camera with other external devices.

Nikon D3300 vs D40 Storage and Battery

The Nikon D3300 outperforms the Nikon D40 in storage and battery with a score of 32/100 compared to the D40’s 27/100. Both cameras have one memory card slot and do not support USB charging. They also share compatibility with SD and SDHC memory cards.

The D3300 surpasses the D40 in battery life, providing 700 shots per charge, while the D40 only offers 470 shots. This substantial difference gives the D3300 an advantage for extended shooting sessions. Additionally, the D3300 accepts SDXC memory cards, enabling users to store more photos and videos compared to the D40, which only accepts up to SDHC cards.

On the other hand, the D40 uses the EN-EL9 battery type, which may be more accessible and affordable for some users compared to the D3300’s EN-EL14a battery. However, this advantage does not outweigh the benefits of the D3300’s longer battery life and expanded storage options.

Considering these factors, the Nikon D3300 proves to be the superior choice for storage and battery performance, making it the better option for photographers who require extended shooting times and additional storage capacity.

Storage and Battery
Storage and Battery
Memory Card
Dual Memory Card Slots
Battery Type
Battery Life
Approximately how long this cameras battery will last measured by how many photographs you will be able to take.
700 shots
470 shots
USB Charging
Sensor scores tested by DXOMARK
Overall Score
DXOMARK overall sensor score.
Portrait (Color Depth)
As described by DXOMARK 'The Portrait score in our camera sensor reviews defines color depth performance and its unit is a number of bits. A color depth of 22 bits is excellent; differences below 1 bit are barely noticeable.'
24.3 bits
21 bits
Landscape (Dynamic Range)
As described by DXOMARK 'The Landscape score in our camera sensor tests defines the maximum dynamic range of the camera sensor and its unit is an exposure value (EV). A value of 12 EV is excellent with differences below 0.5 EV usually not noticeable.'
12.8 EVs
11 EVs
Sports (Low-Light ISO)
Described by DXOMARK as 'The maximal value of ISO sensitivity needed to reach a given value of Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR). The greater the value, the better'

Nikon D3300 vs D40 – Our Verdict

Are you still undecided about which camera is right for you? Have a look at these popular comparisons that feature the Nikon D3300 or the Nikon D40:

User Scores
B&H photo video
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