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Nikon D3300 vs Sony a5100 Comparison

Storage & Battery

Nikon D3300

Nikon D3300 camera image

Sony a5100

Sony A5100
Nikon D3300
Sony a5100
Refers to the year this camera was officially made available for sale.
Announcement Date
Refers to the date the manufacturer publicly announced the upcoming release and general specs of this camera.
January 07, 2014
August 18, 2014
Camera Type
Camera Size
Camera Weight

The Sony a5100 takes the lead with a score of 60/100, while the Nikon D3300 trails behind at 55/100. Both cameras were released in 2014, with the Nikon D3300 being a DSLR and the Sony a5100 being a mirrorless camera. They share similar announcement dates and launch prices, with the Sony a5100 being slightly more affordable at $550 compared to the Nikon D3300’s $650.

The Sony a5100 boasts a smaller and lighter body, measuring 110 x 63 x 36mm and weighing only 283g. This makes it a more portable option compared to the Nikon D3300, which is bulkier and heavier at 124 x 98 x 76mm and 430g.

The Nikon D3300, being a DSLR, may offer some advantages in terms of optical viewfinder and lens options. However, the Sony a5100’s higher score and more compact design make it a better choice for those prioritizing size and weight.

Nikon D3300 vs Sony a5100 Overview and Optics

The Sony a5100 wins the optics comparison with a score of 66/100, while the Nikon D3300 scores 64/100. Both cameras have several specifications in common, such as 24-megapixel resolution, CMOS sensor type, APS-C sensor size, and the absence of image stabilisation.

The Sony a5100 outperforms the Nikon D3300 in certain aspects. It has a slightly higher megapixel count at 24.3 compared to the D3300’s 24.2, which may contribute to marginally better image quality. The a5100 also has a faster shooting speed of 6 frames per second (fps) compared to the D3300’s 5 fps, allowing for better capture of fast-moving subjects. Additionally, the Sony a5100 uses the Bionz X processor, which is known for its fast processing capabilities and low-light performance.

However, the Nikon D3300 has some advantages over the Sony a5100. It boasts a higher DXOMARK score for the sensor at 82, compared to the a5100’s score of 80, indicating superior overall image quality. The D3300 also features the Nikon F DX lens mount, which provides access to a wide range of high-quality Nikon lenses.

Taking these factors into consideration, the Sony a5100 may be a better choice for those seeking a slightly faster shooting speed and marginally higher resolution. On the other hand, the Nikon D3300 offers a better sensor performance and compatibility with a wider array of lenses. Ultimately, the decision between these two cameras will depend on the individual photographer’s priorities and preferences.

The higher the number of megapixels, the more detail the cameras sensor can capture.
24.2 MP
24.3 MP
Image Resolution
Image resolution is measured in pixels and megapixels, width by height. The higher the number, the higher its resolution.
6000 x 4000 px
6000 x 4000 px
Sensor Type
The camera sensor captures light and records the image. Sensors vary in physical size, the number of pixels, and quality.
Sensor Size
The sensor size contributes to the overall quality as well as the dynamic and tonal range a camera can capture. As a rule of thumb, the more surface there is to read the light, the more information it will capture.
15.4 x 23.2 mm
15.6 x 23.5 mm
Sensor Format
Refers to the most commonly used sensor sizes.
Frame Rate
The number of sequential frames per second the camera can write to the memory card when shooting in burst or continuous mode.
5 fps
6 fps
Lens Mount
The lens mount will tell you what type of lens range you can fit onto the camera body. Often the same camera company will have different lens ranges for different cameras.
Nikon F DX
Sony E
Image Processor
The image processor in the camera converts the information collected on the sensor for digital storage on the memory card.
Expeed 4
Bionz X
Aspect Ratio
The aspect ratio refers to the proportional difference between width and height. The most popular aspect ratios are 3:2 and 4:3.
Minimum ISO (Native)
Refers to the lowest native (or 'base') ISO setting. Lower ISO are less sensitive to light but make a cleaner image.
Maximum ISO (Native)
Refers to the highest native (or 'base') ISO setting. Higher ISO is necessary for low-light situations or night photography, but higher ISOs often introduce grain or noise.
Minimum ISO (Expanded)
Expanded (or extended) ISO is a digitally enhanced feature available on some cameras. It allows you to push beyond the native ISO range if necessary.
Maximum ISO (Expanded)
Expanded (or extended) ISO is a digitally enhanced feature available on some cameras. It allows you to push beyond the native ISO range if necessary.
Minimum Shutter Speed
The minimum shutter speed will tell you the longest exposure your camera can take without using an external accessory.
30 s
30 s
Maximum Shutter Speed
The maximum shutter speed tells you the length inside 1 second the camera will capture. These can sometimes be extended with accessories such as extra external batteries.
1/ 4000 s
1/ 4000 s
Autofocus Points
Autofocus points show where the camera is focusing graphically as squares or brackets in Live View or on an electronic viewfinder. These points are also used for light meter readings.
In-body Stabilization
In-body Stabilization means the camera has a certain technology embedded that counteracts camera shake.
Viewfinder Type
The viewfinder type is either electronic or optical. Electronic viewfinders will have a small screen in the viewfinder. Optical viewfinders will use prisms and mirrors to look through the lens.
Optical (pentamirror)

Nikon D3300 vs Sony a5100 Video Performance

The Nikon D3300 and the Sony a5100 both have a video score of 56/100, indicating that there is no clear winner in terms of video capabilities. These cameras share common features in video specifications, such as Full HD video resolution, maximum video dimensions of 1920 x 1080, and a maximum video frame rate of 60fps. Additionally, neither camera has built-in time-lapse functionality.

Despite having the same video score, the Nikon D3300 may have some advantages over the Sony a5100. For instance, the D3300 might offer better video quality in certain lighting conditions or have more user-friendly video settings. However, without specific information, it is difficult to determine the exact reasons for the D3300’s superiority in video performance.

On the other hand, the Sony a5100 may excel in areas where the Nikon D3300 falls short. It could have faster autofocus in video mode, better video stabilization, or more advanced video features. Once again, it is essential to have detailed information to accurately compare these cameras’ video capabilities.

In comparing the Nikon D3300 and the Sony a5100, it is clear that both cameras have similar video specifications and performance. While there may be minor differences in specific aspects of video capabilities, neither camera stands out as a clear winner. As a result, potential buyers should consider other factors, such as price and additional features, when deciding between these two cameras.

Indicates if this camera is capable of recording video.
Max Video Resolution
The best resolution this camera can capture video in. Modern cameras can capture up to 8K video.
Full HD
Full HD
Max Video Dimensions
Video resolution measured by the greatest number of pixels possible in each frame, width by height. A higher resolution means more detail or clarity in your video.
1920 x 1080 px
1920 x 1080 px
Max Video Frame Rate
How many frames per second your video will capture. Most cameras have options for multiple frame rates, depending on the resolution you shoot in. For a general video, 24p or 30p is the standard, but more serious filmmakers may need a higher frame rate for creative effect.
60 p
60 p
Time-Lapse Built In
A built in time-lapse mode will allow continuous shooting throughout a prolonged period of time to be compressed into a sped up video.
Video File Format
Different cameras can record in various video file formats. The File format you record in can impact how you edit and use the files.

Nikon D3300 vs Sony a5100 Features and Benefits

The Sony a5100 is the winner in the features comparison, scoring 54/100, while the Nikon D3300 scores 41/100. Both cameras have a 3-inch screen with a similar resolution, 921600 dots for the Sony a5100 and 921000 dots for the Nikon D3300. Neither camera has GPS or Bluetooth capabilities.

The Sony a5100 outperforms the Nikon D3300 in several areas. The a5100 has a touchscreen, making it easier to navigate menus and change settings. Additionally, the a5100 has a flip screen, allowing for more versatile shooting angles and facilitating self-portraits or vlogging. The a5100 also includes Wi-Fi connectivity, enabling easy sharing of photos and videos, as well as remote control of the camera through a smartphone.

On the other hand, the Nikon D3300 does not have any significant advantages in features over the Sony a5100. Its lack of a touchscreen, flip screen, and Wi-Fi puts it at a disadvantage compared to the more versatile and user-friendly a5100.

Taking all of these factors into consideration, the Sony a5100 is the better choice for those prioritizing camera features. Its touchscreen, flip screen, and Wi-Fi capabilities make it a more versatile and convenient option. The Nikon D3300, while sharing some similarities in screen size and resolution, falls short in comparison due to its limited features.

Built-in Flash
A built-in flash will often be positioned right above the lens. This will automatically pop up when you activate it.
External Flash
External flashes are often connected through a hot shoe at the top of a camera, or a cable at the side of the camera.
GPS features in a camera will include location metadata to each of your photographs.
Weather Sealing
Weather sealing capabilities will give you more confidence when shooting in unfavourable conditions.
Screen Type
Touch Screen
Touchscreen allows you to change camera settings and access menus with a swipe of your finger, instead of using buttons.
Screen Size
Screen Resolution
Screen dots indicate the resolution of the LCD screen by including each sub pixel.
921,000 dots
921,600 dots
Flip Screen
A flip screen (or articulating screen) is a second screen which can flip out from the side or top of the camera. This rotating screen allows you more freedom to take photos at different angles.
Live View
Live View feature allows you to see a continuous live video of what is being seen through your lens.
Bluetooth capabilities allow you wireless control of your camera with other external devices.

Nikon D3300 vs Sony a5100 Storage and Battery

The Nikon D3300 outperforms the Sony a5100 in storage and battery with a score of 32/100 compared to the Sony’s 24/100. Both cameras have one memory card slot and accept SD, SDHC, and SDXC cards. However, the Sony a5100 also supports Memory Stick Pro Duo and Pro-HG Duo cards, offering more storage options.

The Nikon D3300’s battery life is significantly better, providing 700 shots per charge compared to the Sony a5100’s 400 shots. The Nikon uses an EN-EL14a battery, while the Sony employs an NP-FW50 battery. Neither camera has USB charging capabilities.

Though the Sony a5100 offers additional memory card compatibility, the Nikon D3300’s superior battery life makes it the better choice in terms of storage and battery performance. The longer battery life allows for more extended use, which is essential for capturing moments without worrying about running out of power.

Storage and Battery
Storage and Battery
Memory Card
SD / SDHC / SDXC, Memory Stick Pro Duo / Pro-HG Duo
Dual Memory Card Slots
Battery Type
Battery Life
Approximately how long this cameras battery will last measured by how many photographs you will be able to take.
700 shots
400 shots
USB Charging
Sensor scores tested by DXOMARK
Overall Score
DXOMARK overall sensor score.
Portrait (Color Depth)
As described by DXOMARK 'The Portrait score in our camera sensor reviews defines color depth performance and its unit is a number of bits. A color depth of 22 bits is excellent; differences below 1 bit are barely noticeable.'
24.3 bits
24.4 bits
Landscape (Dynamic Range)
As described by DXOMARK 'The Landscape score in our camera sensor tests defines the maximum dynamic range of the camera sensor and its unit is an exposure value (EV). A value of 12 EV is excellent with differences below 0.5 EV usually not noticeable.'
12.8 EVs
13.4 EVs
Sports (Low-Light ISO)
Described by DXOMARK as 'The maximal value of ISO sensitivity needed to reach a given value of Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR). The greater the value, the better'

Alternatives to the Nikon D3300 and Sony a5100

Nikon D3300 vs Sony a5100 Comparison image.

Are you still undecided about which camera is right for you? Have a look at these popular comparisons that feature the Nikon D3300 or the Sony a5100:

User Scores
B&H photo video
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