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Canon EOS 90D vs EOS 5D Mark IV Comparison

Storage & Battery

Canon EOS 90D

Canon 90D camera image

Canon EOS 5D Mark IV

Canon EOS 5d mark iv
Canon EOS 90D
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
EOS 5D Mark IV
Refers to the year this camera was officially made available for sale.
Announcement Date
Refers to the date the manufacturer publicly announced the upcoming release and general specs of this camera.
October 28, 2019
August 25, 2016
Camera Type
Camera Size
Camera Weight

The Canon EOS 5D Mark IV outperforms the Canon EOS 90D with a score of 75/100 compared to 67/100. Both cameras are DSLRs, released in 2016 and 2019 respectively. They share similar dimensions, with the 5D Mark IV being slightly larger and heavier at 151 x 116 x 76mm and 890g, while the 90D measures 141 x 105 x 77mm and weighs 701g.

The 5D Mark IV excels due to its superior overall performance, justifying its higher launch price of $3500 compared to the 90D’s $1199. On the other hand, the 90D offers a more affordable option without compromising too much on quality.

Taking these factors into account, the Canon EOS 5D Mark IV is the better choice for those seeking top-notch performance, while the Canon EOS 90D provides a budget-friendly alternative for decent photography.

Canon EOS 90D vs EOS 5D Mark IV Overview and Optics

The Canon EOS 5D Mark IV outperforms the Canon EOS 90D in optics with a score of 76/100 compared to 62/100. Both cameras share certain specifications, such as having a CMOS sensor, no image stabilization, and a Canon EF lens mount.

The 5D Mark IV has a superior sensor, with a DXOMARK score of 91 compared to the 90D’s 58. This is a significant difference, indicating that the 5D Mark IV captures better image quality. Additionally, the 5D Mark IV features a full-frame sensor, which offers better low light performance and a wider field of view compared to the 90D’s APS-C sensor. Despite having a slightly lower megapixel count of 30.4 compared to the 90D’s 33, the 5D Mark IV still produces high-resolution images.

On the other hand, the Canon EOS 90D has a faster shooting speed of 10 frames per second compared to the 5D Mark IV’s 7. This allows the 90D to capture fast-moving subjects more effectively. The 90D also has a more advanced processor, the Digic 8, which contributes to its higher shooting speed and improved autofocus performance.

Taking these factors into account, the Canon EOS 5D Mark IV is the superior camera in terms of optics, with a higher score and better sensor performance. However, the Canon EOS 90D offers advantages in shooting speed and processing power, making it a suitable choice for photographers who prioritize capturing fast action.

The higher the number of megapixels, the more detail the cameras sensor can capture.
33 MP
30.4 MP
Image Resolution
Image resolution is measured in pixels and megapixels, width by height. The higher the number, the higher its resolution.
6960 x 4640 px
6720 x 4480 px
Sensor Type
The camera sensor captures light and records the image. Sensors vary in physical size, the number of pixels, and quality.
Sensor Size
The sensor size contributes to the overall quality as well as the dynamic and tonal range a camera can capture. As a rule of thumb, the more surface there is to read the light, the more information it will capture.
22.3 x 14.9 mm
24 x 36 mm
Sensor Format
Refers to the most commonly used sensor sizes.
Full Frame
Frame Rate
The number of sequential frames per second the camera can write to the memory card when shooting in burst or continuous mode.
10 fps
7 fps
Lens Mount
The lens mount will tell you what type of lens range you can fit onto the camera body. Often the same camera company will have different lens ranges for different cameras.
Canon EF/EF-S
Canon EF
Image Processor
The image processor in the camera converts the information collected on the sensor for digital storage on the memory card.
Digic 8
Digic 6+
Aspect Ratio
The aspect ratio refers to the proportional difference between width and height. The most popular aspect ratios are 3:2 and 4:3.
Minimum ISO (Native)
Refers to the lowest native (or 'base') ISO setting. Lower ISO are less sensitive to light but make a cleaner image.
Maximum ISO (Native)
Refers to the highest native (or 'base') ISO setting. Higher ISO is necessary for low-light situations or night photography, but higher ISOs often introduce grain or noise.
Minimum ISO (Expanded)
Expanded (or extended) ISO is a digitally enhanced feature available on some cameras. It allows you to push beyond the native ISO range if necessary.
Maximum ISO (Expanded)
Expanded (or extended) ISO is a digitally enhanced feature available on some cameras. It allows you to push beyond the native ISO range if necessary.
Minimum Shutter Speed
The minimum shutter speed will tell you the longest exposure your camera can take without using an external accessory.
30 s
30 s
Maximum Shutter Speed
The maximum shutter speed tells you the length inside 1 second the camera will capture. These can sometimes be extended with accessories such as extra external batteries.
1/ 8000 s
1/ 8000 s
Autofocus Points
Autofocus points show where the camera is focusing graphically as squares or brackets in Live View or on an electronic viewfinder. These points are also used for light meter readings.
In-body Stabilization
In-body Stabilization means the camera has a certain technology embedded that counteracts camera shake.
Viewfinder Type
The viewfinder type is either electronic or optical. Electronic viewfinders will have a small screen in the viewfinder. Optical viewfinders will use prisms and mirrors to look through the lens.
Optical (pentaprism)
Optical (pentaprism)

Canon EOS 90D vs EOS 5D Mark IV Video Performance

The Canon EOS 90D and Canon EOS 5D Mark IV both have a video score of 91/100, making them equal in video capabilities. They share several common specifications, including a maximum video resolution of 4K, a maximum video frame rate of 120fps, and built-in time-lapse functionality.

The Canon EOS 90D, however, has a maximum video dimension of 3840 x 2160, which is slightly lower than the Canon EOS 5D Mark IV’s maximum video dimension of 4096 x 2160. This difference indicates that the EOS 5D Mark IV is better in terms of video dimensions, providing a wider aspect ratio for a more cinematic look.

On the other hand, the Canon EOS 90D does not surpass the EOS 5D Mark IV in any specific aspect of video capabilities, as both cameras have the same score and share most of the same features. This implies that the EOS 90D is not better than the EOS 5D Mark IV in any significant way for video recording.

Taking these factors into account, it is clear that both cameras offer excellent video capabilities with their high scores and shared features. The Canon EOS 5D Mark IV stands out with its wider video dimensions, providing a more cinematic look. However, the Canon EOS 90D still offers the same high-quality video recording without any significant drawbacks compared to the EOS 5D Mark IV. As a result, both cameras are strong choices for users looking to capture high-quality video footage, with the EOS 5D Mark IV offering a slight edge in terms of video dimensions.

Indicates if this camera is capable of recording video.
Max Video Resolution
The best resolution this camera can capture video in. Modern cameras can capture up to 8K video.
Max Video Dimensions
Video resolution measured by the greatest number of pixels possible in each frame, width by height. A higher resolution means more detail or clarity in your video.
3840 x 2160 px
4096 x 2160 px
Max Video Frame Rate
How many frames per second your video will capture. Most cameras have options for multiple frame rates, depending on the resolution you shoot in. For a general video, 24p or 30p is the standard, but more serious filmmakers may need a higher frame rate for creative effect.
120 p
120 p
Time-Lapse Built In
A built in time-lapse mode will allow continuous shooting throughout a prolonged period of time to be compressed into a sped up video.
Video File Format
Different cameras can record in various video file formats. The File format you record in can impact how you edit and use the files.
MPEG-4, H.264

Canon EOS 90D vs EOS 5D Mark IV Features and Benefits

The Canon EOS 90D wins the features comparison with a score of 83/100, while the Canon EOS 5D Mark IV scores 74/100. Both cameras have a touchscreen, WiFi capabilities, and similar screen sizes (3 inches for the 90D and 3.2 inches for the 5D Mark IV). However, there are differences in their features that contribute to the higher score of the EOS 90D.

The EOS 90D outperforms the 5D Mark IV with its flip screen and Bluetooth capabilities. A flip screen is useful for capturing images and video from various angles, providing more versatility to the photographer. Bluetooth connectivity allows for easier and faster transfer of files, making the 90D more convenient for sharing images.

On the other hand, the 5D Mark IV has a higher screen resolution of 1,620,000 dots compared to the 1,040,000 dots of the 90D. This results in a clearer and sharper display, which is beneficial for reviewing images and focusing. Additionally, the 5D Mark IV has GPS functionality, allowing users to geotag their images and track their shooting locations.

Despite the higher screen resolution and GPS capabilities of the 5D Mark IV, the EOS 90D comes out ahead due to its flip screen and Bluetooth features. These advantages make the 90D more versatile and convenient for photographers. While the 5D Mark IV has its merits, the 90D’s superior features make it the better choice in this comparison.

Built-in Flash
A built-in flash will often be positioned right above the lens. This will automatically pop up when you activate it.
External Flash
External flashes are often connected through a hot shoe at the top of a camera, or a cable at the side of the camera.
GPS features in a camera will include location metadata to each of your photographs.
Weather Sealing
Weather sealing capabilities will give you more confidence when shooting in unfavourable conditions.
Screen Type
Touch Screen
Touchscreen allows you to change camera settings and access menus with a swipe of your finger, instead of using buttons.
Screen Size
Screen Resolution
Screen dots indicate the resolution of the LCD screen by including each sub pixel.
1,040,000 dots
1,620,000 dots
Flip Screen
A flip screen (or articulating screen) is a second screen which can flip out from the side or top of the camera. This rotating screen allows you more freedom to take photos at different angles.
Live View
Live View feature allows you to see a continuous live video of what is being seen through your lens.
Bluetooth capabilities allow you wireless control of your camera with other external devices.

Canon EOS 90D vs EOS 5D Mark IV Storage and Battery

The Canon EOS 5D Mark IV outperforms the Canon EOS 90D in storage and battery with a score of 71/100, a 23-point lead over the 90D’s score of 48/100. Both cameras use the LP-E6N battery type and do not support USB charging. However, the 5D Mark IV offers more versatility in storage options and memory card compatibility.

The 5D Mark IV has two memory card slots, accepting SD/SDHC/SDXC (UHS-I compatible) and Compact Flash cards, while the 90D has only one slot, supporting SD/SDHC/SDXC (UHS-II compatible) cards. This dual-slot design in the 5D Mark IV provides more storage capacity and the convenience of using different card types.

On the other hand, the 90D has a longer battery life, offering 1300 shots compared to the 5D Mark IV’s 900 shots. This advantage makes the 90D more suitable for extended shooting sessions without the need for frequent battery changes.

Considering these factors, the Canon EOS 5D Mark IV excels in storage flexibility, while the Canon EOS 90D offers superior battery life. Depending on individual preferences and shooting requirements, photographers can choose the camera that best suits their needs.

Storage and Battery
Storage and Battery
Memory Card
SD / SDHC / SDXC (UHS-II compatible)
SD / SDHC / SDXC (UHS-I compatible), Compact Flash
Dual Memory Card Slots
Battery Type
Battery Life
Approximately how long this cameras battery will last measured by how many photographs you will be able to take.
1,300 shots
900 shots
USB Charging
Sensor scores tested by DXOMARK
Overall Score
DXOMARK overall sensor score.
Portrait (Color Depth)
As described by DXOMARK 'The Portrait score in our camera sensor reviews defines color depth performance and its unit is a number of bits. A color depth of 22 bits is excellent; differences below 1 bit are barely noticeable.'
24.8 bits
Landscape (Dynamic Range)
As described by DXOMARK 'The Landscape score in our camera sensor tests defines the maximum dynamic range of the camera sensor and its unit is an exposure value (EV). A value of 12 EV is excellent with differences below 0.5 EV usually not noticeable.'
13.6 EVs
Sports (Low-Light ISO)
Described by DXOMARK as 'The maximal value of ISO sensitivity needed to reach a given value of Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR). The greater the value, the better'

Alternatives to the Canon EOS 90D and EOS 5D Mark IV

Canon EOS 90D vs EOS 5D Mark IV Comparison image.

Are you still undecided about which camera is right for you? Have a look at these popular comparisons that feature the Canon EOS 90D or the Canon EOS 5D Mark IV:

User Scores
B&H photo video
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