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Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4 vs Sony a7 Comparison

Storage & Battery

Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4

Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4

Sony a7

Sony a7 camera image
Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4
Sony a7
Lumix DMC-GH4
Refers to the year this camera was officially made available for sale.
Announcement Date
Refers to the date the manufacturer publicly announced the upcoming release and general specs of this camera.
February 07, 2014
October 16, 2013
Camera Type
Camera Size
Camera Weight

The Sony a7 outperforms the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4 with a score of 63/100 compared to 58/100. Both cameras are mirrorless and were launched in 2013-2014 at a price of $1700. They share similarities in size, with the GH4 measuring 133 x 93 x 84mm and the a7 at 127 x 94 x 48mm.

The GH4’s advantage lies in its slightly larger dimensions, which may provide better grip and handling. However, the a7 is lighter, weighing 474g compared to the GH4’s 560g, making it more portable for photographers on the go.

Considering these factors, the Sony a7’s higher score and lighter weight make it the preferable choice for most users, while the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4 may suit those who prioritize handling and grip.

Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4 vs Sony a7 Overview and Optics

The Sony a7 emerges as the winner in the optics comparison with a score of 70/100, while the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4 scores 52/100. Both cameras share certain specifications, such as having a CMOS sensor type, no image stabilization, and similar processors – the Venus Engine IX for the GH4 and the Bionz X for the a7.

The Sony a7 outperforms the GH4 in several aspects. It has a higher megapixel count of 24 compared to the GH4’s 16, allowing for more detailed images. The a7 also boasts a superior DXOMARK sensor score of 90, as opposed to the GH4’s score of 74, which contributes to the camera’s better overall image quality. Additionally, the a7 features a full-frame sensor size and a 3:2 aspect ratio, further enhancing its imaging capabilities.

On the other hand, the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4 excels in shooting speed, capturing 12 frames per second compared to the Sony a7’s 5 frames per second. This makes the GH4 more suitable for capturing fast-moving subjects. Moreover, the GH4 uses a Micro Four Thirds sensor size and a Micro 4/3 lens mount, which allows for a wider selection of lenses and a more compact camera body.

Taking these factors into account, the Sony a7 demonstrates superior optics performance with its higher megapixel count, better sensor score, and full-frame sensor size, making it an ideal choice for photographers seeking high-quality images. However, the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4’s faster shooting speed and versatile lens options may appeal to those prioritizing action photography and portability.

The higher the number of megapixels, the more detail the cameras sensor can capture.
16 MP
24 MP
Image Resolution
Image resolution is measured in pixels and megapixels, width by height. The higher the number, the higher its resolution.
4608 x 3456 px
6000 x 4000 px
Sensor Type
The camera sensor captures light and records the image. Sensors vary in physical size, the number of pixels, and quality.
Sensor Size
The sensor size contributes to the overall quality as well as the dynamic and tonal range a camera can capture. As a rule of thumb, the more surface there is to read the light, the more information it will capture.
13 x 17.3 mm
23.9 x 35.8 mm
Sensor Format
Refers to the most commonly used sensor sizes.
Micro Four Thirds
Full Frame
Frame Rate
The number of sequential frames per second the camera can write to the memory card when shooting in burst or continuous mode.
12 fps
5 fps
Lens Mount
The lens mount will tell you what type of lens range you can fit onto the camera body. Often the same camera company will have different lens ranges for different cameras.
Micro 4/3
Sony FE
Image Processor
The image processor in the camera converts the information collected on the sensor for digital storage on the memory card.
Venus Engine IX
Bionz X
Aspect Ratio
The aspect ratio refers to the proportional difference between width and height. The most popular aspect ratios are 3:2 and 4:3.
Minimum ISO (Native)
Refers to the lowest native (or 'base') ISO setting. Lower ISO are less sensitive to light but make a cleaner image.
Maximum ISO (Native)
Refers to the highest native (or 'base') ISO setting. Higher ISO is necessary for low-light situations or night photography, but higher ISOs often introduce grain or noise.
Minimum ISO (Expanded)
Expanded (or extended) ISO is a digitally enhanced feature available on some cameras. It allows you to push beyond the native ISO range if necessary.
Maximum ISO (Expanded)
Expanded (or extended) ISO is a digitally enhanced feature available on some cameras. It allows you to push beyond the native ISO range if necessary.
Minimum Shutter Speed
The minimum shutter speed will tell you the longest exposure your camera can take without using an external accessory.
60 s
30 s
Maximum Shutter Speed
The maximum shutter speed tells you the length inside 1 second the camera will capture. These can sometimes be extended with accessories such as extra external batteries.
1/ 8000 s
1/ 8000 s
Autofocus Points
Autofocus points show where the camera is focusing graphically as squares or brackets in Live View or on an electronic viewfinder. These points are also used for light meter readings.
In-body Stabilization
In-body Stabilization means the camera has a certain technology embedded that counteracts camera shake.
Viewfinder Type
The viewfinder type is either electronic or optical. Electronic viewfinders will have a small screen in the viewfinder. Optical viewfinders will use prisms and mirrors to look through the lens.
Viewfinder Resolution
2,359,000 dots
2,359,000 dots

Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4 vs Sony a7 Video Performance

The Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4 outperforms the Sony a7 in video capabilities, scoring 70/100 compared to the Sony a7’s 56/100. Both cameras share some common specifications, such as the ability to record high-quality video and capture stunning visuals. However, the differences in their video capabilities make the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4 the superior choice for videographers.

The Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4 has a maximum video resolution of 4K, with dimensions of 4096 x 2160, while the Sony a7 only offers Full HD resolution, with dimensions of 1920 x 1080. This means that the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4 can capture more detailed and crisp footage, making it a better option for those seeking professional-grade video quality. Additionally, the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4 has built-in time-lapse functionality, allowing users to create captivating time-lapse videos without needing additional equipment or software.

On the other hand, the Sony a7 has a higher maximum video frame rate of 60fps, compared to the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4’s 24fps. This higher frame rate allows for smoother video playback, making it a better option for those who prioritize smoothness over resolution. However, the lack of built-in time-lapse functionality in the Sony a7 makes it less versatile compared to the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4.

Taking into account the differences in video capabilities, the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4 emerges as the better choice for videographers who prioritize high-resolution footage and built-in time-lapse functionality. On the other hand, the Sony a7 may be more suitable for those who prioritize smooth video playback, despite its lower resolution and lack of time-lapse functionality.

Indicates if this camera is capable of recording video.
Max Video Resolution
The best resolution this camera can capture video in. Modern cameras can capture up to 8K video.
Full HD
Max Video Dimensions
Video resolution measured by the greatest number of pixels possible in each frame, width by height. A higher resolution means more detail or clarity in your video.
4096 x 2160 px
1920 x 1080 px
Max Video Frame Rate
How many frames per second your video will capture. Most cameras have options for multiple frame rates, depending on the resolution you shoot in. For a general video, 24p or 30p is the standard, but more serious filmmakers may need a higher frame rate for creative effect.
24 p
60 p
Time-Lapse Built In
A built in time-lapse mode will allow continuous shooting throughout a prolonged period of time to be compressed into a sped up video.
Video File Format
Different cameras can record in various video file formats. The File format you record in can impact how you edit and use the files.
AVCHD Ver. 2.0, MP4

Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4 vs Sony a7 Features and Benefits

The Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4 wins in the feature comparison with a score of 70/100, while the Sony a7 scores 57/100. Both cameras share a screen size of 3 inches and have flip screens, which are useful for shooting from different angles and for capturing self-portraits. Neither camera has GPS, but both offer WiFi connectivity for transferring images and remote control, making it convenient to share and manage photos.

The Lumix DMC-GH4 has a touchscreen, which is absent in the Sony a7. This feature allows users to navigate menus and change settings quickly, as well as to focus on a subject by simply tapping the screen. The GH4’s screen resolution is 1,036,000 dots, which is slightly lower than the a7’s screen resolution of 1,230,000 dots. However, the presence of a touchscreen in the GH4 outweighs the difference in screen resolution.

The Sony a7 has a higher screen resolution, providing a clearer and more detailed display for reviewing images and adjusting settings. However, it lacks a touchscreen, which makes navigating menus and changing settings slower compared to the GH4.

Considering the features, the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4 is the better choice due to its touchscreen and overall higher feature score. The Sony a7 has a slight advantage in screen resolution, but it does not outweigh the benefits provided by the GH4’s touchscreen. Both cameras offer similar screen sizes, flip screens, and WiFi connectivity, making them suitable for various shooting situations.

Built-in Flash
A built-in flash will often be positioned right above the lens. This will automatically pop up when you activate it.
External Flash
External flashes are often connected through a hot shoe at the top of a camera, or a cable at the side of the camera.
GPS features in a camera will include location metadata to each of your photographs.
Weather Sealing
Weather sealing capabilities will give you more confidence when shooting in unfavourable conditions.
Screen Type
Touch Screen
Touchscreen allows you to change camera settings and access menus with a swipe of your finger, instead of using buttons.
Screen Size
Screen Resolution
Screen dots indicate the resolution of the LCD screen by including each sub pixel.
1,036,000 dots
1,230,000 dots
Flip Screen
A flip screen (or articulating screen) is a second screen which can flip out from the side or top of the camera. This rotating screen allows you more freedom to take photos at different angles.
Live View
Live View feature allows you to see a continuous live video of what is being seen through your lens.
Bluetooth capabilities allow you wireless control of your camera with other external devices.

Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4 vs Sony a7 Storage and Battery

The Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4 outperforms the Sony a7 in storage and battery with a score of 60/100, compared to the Sony’s 21/100. Both cameras accept SD, SDHC, and SDXC memory cards, but the Lumix GH4 has two memory card slots, while the Sony a7 only has one. Additionally, the Sony a7 accepts Memory Stick Pro Duo and Pro-HG Duo cards.

The Lumix GH4 has a longer battery life, allowing for 500 shots per charge, while the Sony a7 manages 340 shots. The GH4 uses a DMW-BLF19 battery, while the a7 uses an NP-FW50 battery. Neither camera offers USB charging.

The Lumix GH4’s advantages in storage and battery life make it the superior choice in this comparison. The Sony a7’s additional memory card compatibility is a minor advantage, but it does not outweigh the benefits of the GH4’s longer battery life and dual memory card slots.

Storage and Battery
Storage and Battery
Memory Card
SD / SDHC / SDXC, Memory Stick Pro Duo / Pro-HG Duo
Dual Memory Card Slots
Battery Type
Battery Life
Approximately how long this cameras battery will last measured by how many photographs you will be able to take.
500 shots
340 shots
USB Charging
Sensor scores tested by DXOMARK
Overall Score
DXOMARK overall sensor score.
Portrait (Color Depth)
As described by DXOMARK 'The Portrait score in our camera sensor reviews defines color depth performance and its unit is a number of bits. A color depth of 22 bits is excellent; differences below 1 bit are barely noticeable.'
22.1 bits
24.8 bits
Landscape (Dynamic Range)
As described by DXOMARK 'The Landscape score in our camera sensor tests defines the maximum dynamic range of the camera sensor and its unit is an exposure value (EV). A value of 12 EV is excellent with differences below 0.5 EV usually not noticeable.'
11.7 EVs
14.2 EVs
Sports (Low-Light ISO)
Described by DXOMARK as 'The maximal value of ISO sensitivity needed to reach a given value of Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR). The greater the value, the better'

Alternatives to the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4 and Sony a7

Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4 vs Sony a7 Comparison image.

Are you still undecided about which camera is right for you? Have a look at these popular comparisons that feature the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4 or the Sony a7:

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