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Nikon D5100 Specs and Scores

Storage & Battery
Nikon D5100
Refers to the year this camera was officially made available for sale.
Announcement Date
Refers to the date the manufacturer publicly announced the upcoming release and general specs of this camera.
April 05, 2011
Camera Type
Camera Size
Camera Weight

The Nikon D5100, with a score of 49 out of 100, offers a variety of specifications that are worth considering. Announced on April 5, 2011, and released later that year, this DSLR initially had a launch price of $799. The camera’s dimensions are 128 x 97 x 79mm, and it weighs 560g or 1.23lbs.

Considering its age, the D5100 may not be the top choice for photographers in today’s market. However, it still holds some value for those who appreciate its specifications and compact size.

Nikon D5100 Overview and Optics

The Nikon D5100 receives a score of 52/100 for its optics. This camera features a 16.2-megapixel CMOS sensor, an Expeed 2 processor, and a shooting speed of 4 frames per second. The DXOMARK score for the sensor is 80, which is decent but not outstanding in today’s market. The sensor size is APS-C, and the lens mount is Nikon F DX.

Unfortunately, the D5100 lacks image stabilization, which is a drawback for those who need steady shots. The aspect ratio of 3:2 is standard for most DSLR cameras. When compared to newer models, the D5100’s optics may not be as impressive, but it still offers reliable performance for casual photographers.

The Nikon D5100 provides satisfactory optics for its age, but it may not meet the needs of more advanced users in the current market.

The higher the number of megapixels, the more detail the cameras sensor can capture.
16.2 MP
Image Resolution
Image resolution is measured in pixels and megapixels, width by height. The higher the number, the higher its resolution.
4928 x 3264 px
Sensor Type
The camera sensor captures light and records the image. Sensors vary in physical size, the number of pixels, and quality.
Sensor Size
The sensor size contributes to the overall quality as well as the dynamic and tonal range a camera can capture. As a rule of thumb, the more surface there is to read the light, the more information it will capture.
15.6 x 23.6 mm
Sensor Format
Refers to the most commonly used sensor sizes.
Frame Rate
The number of sequential frames per second the camera can write to the memory card when shooting in burst or continuous mode.
4 fps
Lens Mount
The lens mount will tell you what type of lens range you can fit onto the camera body. Often the same camera company will have different lens ranges for different cameras.
Nikon F DX
Image Processor
The image processor in the camera converts the information collected on the sensor for digital storage on the memory card.
Expeed 2
Aspect Ratio
The aspect ratio refers to the proportional difference between width and height. The most popular aspect ratios are 3:2 and 4:3.
Minimum ISO (Native)
Refers to the lowest native (or 'base') ISO setting. Lower ISO are less sensitive to light but make a cleaner image.
Maximum ISO (Native)
Refers to the highest native (or 'base') ISO setting. Higher ISO is necessary for low-light situations or night photography, but higher ISOs often introduce grain or noise.
Minimum ISO (Expanded)
Expanded (or extended) ISO is a digitally enhanced feature available on some cameras. It allows you to push beyond the native ISO range if necessary.
Maximum ISO (Expanded)
Expanded (or extended) ISO is a digitally enhanced feature available on some cameras. It allows you to push beyond the native ISO range if necessary.
Minimum Shutter Speed
The minimum shutter speed will tell you the longest exposure your camera can take without using an external accessory.
30 s
Maximum Shutter Speed
The maximum shutter speed tells you the length inside 1 second the camera will capture. These can sometimes be extended with accessories such as extra external batteries.
1/ 4000 s
Autofocus Points
Autofocus points show where the camera is focusing graphically as squares or brackets in Live View or on an electronic viewfinder. These points are also used for light meter readings.
In-body Stabilization
In-body Stabilization means the camera has a certain technology embedded that counteracts camera shake.
Viewfinder Type
The viewfinder type is either electronic or optical. Electronic viewfinders will have a small screen in the viewfinder. Optical viewfinders will use prisms and mirrors to look through the lens.
Optical (pentamirror)

Nikon D5100 Video Performance

The Nikon D5100 lacks video capabilities. However, it has built-in time-lapse functionality.

Indicates if this camera is capable of recording video.
Time-Lapse Built In
A built in time-lapse mode will allow continuous shooting throughout a prolonged period of time to be compressed into a sped up video.

Nikon D5100 Features and Benefits

The Nikon D5100’s features score stands at 41/100. The camera possesses a 3-inch screen with a resolution of 921,000 dots but lacks a touchscreen. It does, however, have a flip screen for easier viewing at various angles. Unfortunately, the D5100 does not come with GPS, WiFi, or Bluetooth capabilities.

Comparing these specifications to today’s market, the Nikon D5100 falls short in terms of technological advancements. Many modern cameras now include touchscreens and connectivity options such as WiFi and Bluetooth for seamless photo sharing and remote control. The absence of these features makes the D5100 less competitive and appealing to photographers who value convenience and up-to-date technology.

Despite its shortcomings, the Nikon D5100 remains a reliable camera for those who prioritize essential functions and do not require advanced features. Its flip screen and solid resolution contribute to a satisfactory user experience, but the lack of connectivity options and a touchscreen may deter some potential buyers.

Built-in Flash
A built-in flash will often be positioned right above the lens. This will automatically pop up when you activate it.
External Flash
External flashes are often connected through a hot shoe at the top of a camera, or a cable at the side of the camera.
GPS features in a camera will include location metadata to each of your photographs.
Weather Sealing
Weather sealing capabilities will give you more confidence when shooting in unfavourable conditions.
Screen Type
Touch Screen
Touchscreen allows you to change camera settings and access menus with a swipe of your finger, instead of using buttons.
Screen Size
Screen Resolution
Screen dots indicate the resolution of the LCD screen by including each sub pixel.
921,000 dots
Flip Screen
A flip screen (or articulating screen) is a second screen which can flip out from the side or top of the camera. This rotating screen allows you more freedom to take photos at different angles.
Live View
Live View feature allows you to see a continuous live video of what is being seen through your lens.
Bluetooth capabilities allow you wireless control of your camera with other external devices.

Nikon D5100 Storage and Battery

The storage and battery section of the Nikon D5100 receives a score of 51/100. This camera has one memory card slot, which accepts SD, SDHC, and SDXC cards. The battery life allows for 2200 shots, utilizing an EN-EL14 battery. However, the camera does not support USB charging.

In today’s market, the Nikon D5100’s storage and battery specifications are somewhat average. The single memory card slot and lack of USB charging are limitations compared to newer models. Despite this, the 2200-shot battery life remains a strong point, as it ensures extended shooting sessions without the need for frequent battery replacements.

Storage and Battery
Storage and Battery
Memory Card
Dual Memory Card Slots
Battery Type
Battery Life
Approximately how long this cameras battery will last measured by how many photographs you will be able to take.
2,200 shots
USB Charging
Sensor scores tested by DXOMARK
Overall Score
DXOMARK overall sensor score.
Portrait (Color Depth)
As described by DXOMARK 'The Portrait score in our camera sensor reviews defines color depth performance and its unit is a number of bits. A color depth of 22 bits is excellent; differences below 1 bit are barely noticeable.'
23.5 bits
Landscape (Dynamic Range)
As described by DXOMARK 'The Landscape score in our camera sensor tests defines the maximum dynamic range of the camera sensor and its unit is an exposure value (EV). A value of 12 EV is excellent with differences below 0.5 EV usually not noticeable.'
13.6 EVs
Sports (Low-Light ISO)
Described by DXOMARK as 'The maximal value of ISO sensitivity needed to reach a given value of Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR). The greater the value, the better'
User Scores
B&H photo video

Nikon D5100 Alternatives

Do you want to know how the Nikon D5100 compares to its competitors? Have a look at the most popular comparisons for this camera below:

Nikon D5100 photographed on a colored background

Nikon D5100 FAQ

Does the Nikon D5100 Have Built-in Image Stabilization?

The Nikon D5100 does not have built-in image stabilization. However, you can use Nikon lenses with Vibration Reduction (VR) technology to achieve stabilized images.

Does the Nikon D5100 Support 4K Video Recording?

The Nikon D5100 does not support 4K video recording. It is capable of recording Full HD (1080p) videos at 30 frames per second.

What Size Sensor Does The Nikon D5100 Have?

The Nikon D5100 features an APS-C sized sensor, specifically a 16.2-megapixel DX-format CMOS sensor, providing high-quality images and performance.

Does the Nikon D5100 Have a Dual Memory Card Slot?

The Nikon D5100 does not have a dual memory card slot. It comes with a single SD/SDHC/SDXC memory card slot for storage.

Does the Nikon D5100 Have a Touch Screen?

The Nikon D5100 does not have a touch screen. It features a 3.0-inch 921K-dot vari-angle LCD monitor for live view shooting and image playback.

Does the Nikon D5100 Have Wi-Fi and Bluetooth?

The Nikon D5100 does not have built-in Wi-Fi or Bluetooth capabilities. However, you can use an optional wireless mobile adapter for remote shooting and image transfer.

Does the Nikon D5100 Have GPS?

The Nikon D5100 does not have built-in GPS functionality. You can use an optional GPS unit to geotag your images.

Is the Nikon D5100 Weather Sealed?

The Nikon D5100 is not weather sealed. It is recommended to use a protective cover or case when shooting in challenging weather conditions.

Does the Nikon D5100 Have a Built-in Flash?

Yes, the Nikon D5100 has a built-in pop-up flash, which is useful for providing additional light in low-light situations or as a fill flash.

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