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Nikon D3400 Specs and Scores

Storage & Battery
Nikon D3400
Refers to the year this camera was officially made available for sale.
Announcement Date
Refers to the date the manufacturer publicly announced the upcoming release and general specs of this camera.
August 17, 2016
Camera Type
Camera Size
Camera Weight

The Nikon D3400 scores a solid 61 out of 100 in our review. Announced on August 17, 2016, this DSLR camera has been on the market for a few years. Priced at $650 upon release, the D3400 has competitive specs, including a size of 124 x 98 x 76mm and a weight of 445g (0.98lbs). Although it may not be the newest model, the Nikon D3400 remains a reliable choice for photographers seeking a capable DSLR camera.

Nikon D3400 Overview and Optics

The Nikon D3400’s optics score stands at 65/100. With 24.2 megapixels and a shooting speed of 5 frames per second, this camera is equipped with a CMOS sensor and an Expeed 4 processor. The DXOMARK score for the sensor is 86, and the sensor size is APS-C. The lens mount is Nikon F DX, and the camera does not have image stabilization. The aspect ratio is 3:2.

In the current market, the Nikon D3400’s optics are satisfactory but not exceptional. The 24.2-megapixel resolution is adequate for most photography needs, and the 5 fps shooting speed is sufficient for capturing action shots. However, the lack of image stabilization might result in blurred images for some users, especially in low-light situations.

In the end, the Nikon D3400’s optics are reliable for beginner and intermediate photographers, but advanced users might seek better performance and features. The 65/100 score reflects its capabilities and limitations in the competitive camera market.

The higher the number of megapixels, the more detail the cameras sensor can capture.
24.2 MP
Image Resolution
Image resolution is measured in pixels and megapixels, width by height. The higher the number, the higher its resolution.
6000 x 4000 px
Sensor Type
The camera sensor captures light and records the image. Sensors vary in physical size, the number of pixels, and quality.
Sensor Size
The sensor size contributes to the overall quality as well as the dynamic and tonal range a camera can capture. As a rule of thumb, the more surface there is to read the light, the more information it will capture.
15.6 x 23.5 mm
Sensor Format
Refers to the most commonly used sensor sizes.
Frame Rate
The number of sequential frames per second the camera can write to the memory card when shooting in burst or continuous mode.
5 fps
Lens Mount
The lens mount will tell you what type of lens range you can fit onto the camera body. Often the same camera company will have different lens ranges for different cameras.
Nikon F DX
Image Processor
The image processor in the camera converts the information collected on the sensor for digital storage on the memory card.
Expeed 4
Aspect Ratio
The aspect ratio refers to the proportional difference between width and height. The most popular aspect ratios are 3:2 and 4:3.
Minimum ISO (Native)
Refers to the lowest native (or 'base') ISO setting. Lower ISO are less sensitive to light but make a cleaner image.
Maximum ISO (Native)
Refers to the highest native (or 'base') ISO setting. Higher ISO is necessary for low-light situations or night photography, but higher ISOs often introduce grain or noise.
Minimum ISO (Expanded)
Expanded (or extended) ISO is a digitally enhanced feature available on some cameras. It allows you to push beyond the native ISO range if necessary.
Maximum ISO (Expanded)
Expanded (or extended) ISO is a digitally enhanced feature available on some cameras. It allows you to push beyond the native ISO range if necessary.
Minimum Shutter Speed
The minimum shutter speed will tell you the longest exposure your camera can take without using an external accessory.
30 s
Maximum Shutter Speed
The maximum shutter speed tells you the length inside 1 second the camera will capture. These can sometimes be extended with accessories such as extra external batteries.
1/ 4000 s
Autofocus Points
Autofocus points show where the camera is focusing graphically as squares or brackets in Live View or on an electronic viewfinder. These points are also used for light meter readings.
In-body Stabilization
In-body Stabilization means the camera has a certain technology embedded that counteracts camera shake.
Viewfinder Type
The viewfinder type is either electronic or optical. Electronic viewfinders will have a small screen in the viewfinder. Optical viewfinders will use prisms and mirrors to look through the lens.
Optical (pentamirror)

Nikon D3400 Video Performance

The Nikon D3400 receives a video score of 56 out of 100. This camera offers Full HD video recording with a maximum resolution of 1920 x 1080 pixels and a top frame rate of 60fps. However, it lacks built-in time-lapse functionality, which could be a drawback for some users.

Comparing the D3400’s video capabilities to other cameras in today’s market, it falls short in terms of resolution and features. Many contemporary cameras now offer 4K video recording and advanced settings, such as time-lapse and slow-motion options. The Nikon D3400’s video performance may suffice for casual users, but it may not be the ideal choice for those seeking professional-quality video capabilities.

Taking into account the video specifications of the Nikon D3400, it is clear that this camera caters more towards basic video needs rather than advanced videography. While it may not be the top choice for video enthusiasts, it remains a reliable option for those seeking a simple, straightforward camera with decent video performance.

Indicates if this camera is capable of recording video.
Max Video Resolution
The best resolution this camera can capture video in. Modern cameras can capture up to 8K video.
Full HD
Max Video Dimensions
Video resolution measured by the greatest number of pixels possible in each frame, width by height. A higher resolution means more detail or clarity in your video.
1920 x 1080 px
Max Video Frame Rate
How many frames per second your video will capture. Most cameras have options for multiple frame rates, depending on the resolution you shoot in. For a general video, 24p or 30p is the standard, but more serious filmmakers may need a higher frame rate for creative effect.
60 p
Time-Lapse Built In
A built in time-lapse mode will allow continuous shooting throughout a prolonged period of time to be compressed into a sped up video.
Video File Format
Different cameras can record in various video file formats. The File format you record in can impact how you edit and use the files.

Nikon D3400 Features and Benefits

The Nikon D3400’s features score is 54 out of 100. The camera has a 3-inch screen with a resolution of 921,000 dots. However, it lacks a touchscreen, flip screen, GPS, and WIFI capabilities. Bluetooth is the only wireless connectivity option available in this model.

In today’s competitive market, the Nikon D3400’s specifications may not be enough to stand out among other cameras. The absence of a touchscreen and flip screen may limit its appeal to those who prefer more modern and user-friendly interfaces. The lack of GPS and WIFI might also be a drawback for users who prioritize geotagging and instant sharing capabilities.

Despite these limitations, the Nikon D3400 remains a reliable and functional camera. Its features may not be cutting-edge, but it is still a suitable option for beginners and casual photographers who prioritize simplicity and affordability over advanced features.

Built-in Flash
A built-in flash will often be positioned right above the lens. This will automatically pop up when you activate it.
External Flash
External flashes are often connected through a hot shoe at the top of a camera, or a cable at the side of the camera.
GPS features in a camera will include location metadata to each of your photographs.
Weather Sealing
Weather sealing capabilities will give you more confidence when shooting in unfavourable conditions.
Screen Type
Touch Screen
Touchscreen allows you to change camera settings and access menus with a swipe of your finger, instead of using buttons.
Screen Size
Screen Resolution
Screen dots indicate the resolution of the LCD screen by including each sub pixel.
921,000 dots
Flip Screen
A flip screen (or articulating screen) is a second screen which can flip out from the side or top of the camera. This rotating screen allows you more freedom to take photos at different angles.
Live View
Live View feature allows you to see a continuous live video of what is being seen through your lens.
Bluetooth capabilities allow you wireless control of your camera with other external devices.

Nikon D3400 Storage and Battery

The Nikon D3400 receives a storage and battery score of 45/100. This camera has one memory card slot, accepting SD, SDHC, and SDXC cards. In today’s market, multiple card slots are preferred for increased storage capacity and flexibility. However, the single slot is sufficient for casual photographers.

The battery life of the D3400 is impressive, providing 1200 shots per charge with the EN-EL14a battery type. This exceeds the standard battery life in the current market, making it a strong point for this camera. Unfortunately, the D3400 lacks USB charging, which is a common feature in modern cameras for convenient charging on the go.

Taking into account the storage capacity and battery performance, the Nikon D3400 is a suitable choice for casual photographers, with its long battery life being a key advantage. However, the lack of USB charging and a single memory card slot may limit its appeal to more advanced users.

Storage and Battery
Storage and Battery
Memory Card
Dual Memory Card Slots
Battery Type
Battery Life
Approximately how long this cameras battery will last measured by how many photographs you will be able to take.
1,200 shots
USB Charging
Sensor scores tested by DXOMARK
Overall Score
DXOMARK overall sensor score.
Portrait (Color Depth)
As described by DXOMARK 'The Portrait score in our camera sensor reviews defines color depth performance and its unit is a number of bits. A color depth of 22 bits is excellent; differences below 1 bit are barely noticeable.'
24.8 bits
Landscape (Dynamic Range)
As described by DXOMARK 'The Landscape score in our camera sensor tests defines the maximum dynamic range of the camera sensor and its unit is an exposure value (EV). A value of 12 EV is excellent with differences below 0.5 EV usually not noticeable.'
13.9 EVs
Sports (Low-Light ISO)
Described by DXOMARK as 'The maximal value of ISO sensitivity needed to reach a given value of Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR). The greater the value, the better'
User Scores
B&H photo video

Nikon D3400 Alternatives

Do you want to know how the Nikon D3400 compares to its competitors? Have a look at the most popular comparisons for this camera below:

Nikon D3400 photographed on a colored background

Nikon D3400 FAQ

Does the Nikon D3400 Have Built-in Image Stabilization?

The Nikon D3400 does not have built-in image stabilization. However, it supports lenses with Vibration Reduction (VR) technology, which can help reduce camera shake and blur in photos.

Does the Nikon D3400 Support 4K Video Recording?

The Nikon D3400 does not support 4K video recording. Its maximum video resolution is Full HD 1080p at 60 frames per second, providing high-quality video for most users.

What Size Sensor Does The Nikon D3400 Have?

The Nikon D3400 features an APS-C sized sensor (23.5 x 15.6 mm), which is a common sensor size in entry-level and mid-range DSLR cameras, offering good image quality and low-light performance.

Does the Nikon D3400 Have a Dual Memory Card Slot?

The Nikon D3400 does not have a dual memory card slot. It has a single SD/SDHC/SDXC card slot for storing images and videos.

Does the Nikon D3400 Have a Touch Screen?

No, the Nikon D3400 does not have a touch screen. It features a 3-inch fixed LCD screen with a 921k-dot resolution for image review and menu navigation.

Does the Nikon D3400 Have Wi-Fi and Bluetooth?

The Nikon D3400 does not have built-in Wi-Fi connectivity but it does feature Bluetooth for wireless image transfer and remote control using the SnapBridge app on compatible smartphones.

Does the Nikon D3400 Have GPS?

The Nikon D3400 does not have built-in GPS functionality. However, you can add GPS data to your images by using an external GPS device or smartphone with the SnapBridge app.

Is the Nikon D3400 Weather Sealed?

The Nikon D3400 is not weather-sealed, meaning it does not have specific protections against dust, moisture, or extreme temperatures. Care should be taken when using the camera in harsh conditions.

Does the Nikon D3400 Have a Built-in Flash?

Yes, the Nikon D3400 has a built-in pop-up flash that can be useful for providing additional light in low-light situations or as a fill flash to balance out harsh shadows.

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