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Nikon D3400 vs D5600 Comparison

Storage & Battery

Nikon D3400

Nikon D3400 Camera image

Nikon D5600

Nikon D5600 camera image
Nikon D3400
Nikon D5600
Refers to the year this camera was officially made available for sale.
Announcement Date
Refers to the date the manufacturer publicly announced the upcoming release and general specs of this camera.
August 17, 2016
November 10, 2016
Camera Type
Camera Size
Camera Weight

The Nikon D5600 outperforms the Nikon D3400 with a score of 66/100 compared to 61/100. Both cameras are DSLRs released in 2016, with the D3400 announced in August and the D5600 in November. They share similar dimensions, with the D5600 being slightly slimmer at 124 x 97 x 70mm compared to the D3400’s 124 x 98 x 76mm. However, the D5600 is slightly heavier at 465g, while the D3400 weighs 445g.

The D5600’s higher score indicates it is a better camera, but the D3400 has its advantages, such as a lower launch price of $650 compared to the D5600’s $700. The D3400 is also lighter, making it more convenient for travel and extended use.

Despite these advantages, the D5600’s superior performance and compact design make it the winner in this comparison. Both cameras are suitable for different needs and preferences, with the D3400 being a more budget-friendly and lightweight option, while the D5600 offers better overall quality and features.

Nikon D3400 vs D5600 Overview and Optics

When comparing the optics of the Nikon D3400 and the Nikon D5600, both cameras score 65/100, making it a tie. These two cameras share several specifications, including 24.2 megapixels, a shooting speed of 5 frames per second, CMOS sensor type, Expeed 4 processor, APS-C sensor size, Nikon F DX lens mount, and the absence of image stabilization.

Despite the identical scores, the Nikon D3400 has a slight advantage in terms of its sensor, with a DXOMARK score of 86, compared to the D5600’s DXOMARK score of 84. This means the D3400’s sensor performs marginally better in terms of image quality, dynamic range, and low-light performance. Thus, the D3400 is the better option for those seeking superior image quality in their photographs.

On the other hand, the Nikon D5600 offers no significant advantage over the D3400 in terms of optics, as both cameras share the same specifications. The equal score reflects the similarities in their performance and capabilities. Therefore, the D5600 is not a better option when considering only the optics.

Taking into account the optics comparison, the Nikon D3400 emerges as the slightly better choice due to its marginally higher DXOMARK sensor score. However, it is essential to consider other factors, such as features, ergonomics, and price, when deciding between these two cameras. In the end, both the Nikon D3400 and the D5600 offer similar performance in terms of optics, making either camera a suitable choice for photographers seeking a reliable and high-quality DSLR.

The higher the number of megapixels, the more detail the cameras sensor can capture.
24.2 MP
24.2 MP
Image Resolution
Image resolution is measured in pixels and megapixels, width by height. The higher the number, the higher its resolution.
6000 x 4000 px
6000 x 4000 px
Sensor Type
The camera sensor captures light and records the image. Sensors vary in physical size, the number of pixels, and quality.
Sensor Size
The sensor size contributes to the overall quality as well as the dynamic and tonal range a camera can capture. As a rule of thumb, the more surface there is to read the light, the more information it will capture.
15.6 x 23.5 mm
15.6 x 23.5 mm
Sensor Format
Refers to the most commonly used sensor sizes.
Frame Rate
The number of sequential frames per second the camera can write to the memory card when shooting in burst or continuous mode.
5 fps
5 fps
Lens Mount
The lens mount will tell you what type of lens range you can fit onto the camera body. Often the same camera company will have different lens ranges for different cameras.
Nikon F DX
Nikon F DX
Image Processor
The image processor in the camera converts the information collected on the sensor for digital storage on the memory card.
Expeed 4
Expeed 4
Aspect Ratio
The aspect ratio refers to the proportional difference between width and height. The most popular aspect ratios are 3:2 and 4:3.
Minimum ISO (Native)
Refers to the lowest native (or 'base') ISO setting. Lower ISO are less sensitive to light but make a cleaner image.
Maximum ISO (Native)
Refers to the highest native (or 'base') ISO setting. Higher ISO is necessary for low-light situations or night photography, but higher ISOs often introduce grain or noise.
Minimum ISO (Expanded)
Expanded (or extended) ISO is a digitally enhanced feature available on some cameras. It allows you to push beyond the native ISO range if necessary.
Maximum ISO (Expanded)
Expanded (or extended) ISO is a digitally enhanced feature available on some cameras. It allows you to push beyond the native ISO range if necessary.
Minimum Shutter Speed
The minimum shutter speed will tell you the longest exposure your camera can take without using an external accessory.
30 s
30 s
Maximum Shutter Speed
The maximum shutter speed tells you the length inside 1 second the camera will capture. These can sometimes be extended with accessories such as extra external batteries.
1/ 4000 s
1/ 4000 s
Autofocus Points
Autofocus points show where the camera is focusing graphically as squares or brackets in Live View or on an electronic viewfinder. These points are also used for light meter readings.
In-body Stabilization
In-body Stabilization means the camera has a certain technology embedded that counteracts camera shake.
Viewfinder Type
The viewfinder type is either electronic or optical. Electronic viewfinders will have a small screen in the viewfinder. Optical viewfinders will use prisms and mirrors to look through the lens.
Optical (pentamirror)
Optical (pentamirror)

Nikon D3400 vs D5600 Video Performance

The Nikon D5600 outperforms the Nikon D3400 in video capabilities, scoring 70 out of 100, compared to the D3400’s score of 56. Both cameras share some common video specifications, such as Full HD video resolution, maximum video dimensions of 1920 x 1080, and a maximum video frame rate of 60fps. However, the D5600 has additional features that make it a superior choice for video recording.

One of the main advantages of the Nikon D5600 is its built-in time-lapse functionality. This feature allows users to create stunning time-lapse videos without the need for additional software or equipment. The D3400 lacks this feature, which means users must rely on external tools or software to achieve the same effect.

While the D3400 does not surpass the D5600 in video capabilities, it still offers decent performance for its price range. For those who primarily focus on photography and only occasionally record videos, the D3400 may be a satisfactory choice. However, if video recording is a priority, the D5600 is the clear winner.

Considering the video capabilities of both cameras, the Nikon D5600 stands out as the better option due to its higher video score and the inclusion of time-lapse functionality. The D3400 may be suitable for casual video recording, but the D5600 offers more advanced features for those who are serious about capturing high-quality videos.

Indicates if this camera is capable of recording video.
Max Video Resolution
The best resolution this camera can capture video in. Modern cameras can capture up to 8K video.
Full HD
Full HD
Max Video Dimensions
Video resolution measured by the greatest number of pixels possible in each frame, width by height. A higher resolution means more detail or clarity in your video.
1920 x 1080 px
1920 x 1080 px
Max Video Frame Rate
How many frames per second your video will capture. Most cameras have options for multiple frame rates, depending on the resolution you shoot in. For a general video, 24p or 30p is the standard, but more serious filmmakers may need a higher frame rate for creative effect.
60 p
60 p
Time-Lapse Built In
A built in time-lapse mode will allow continuous shooting throughout a prolonged period of time to be compressed into a sped up video.
Video File Format
Different cameras can record in various video file formats. The File format you record in can impact how you edit and use the files.

Nikon D3400 vs D5600 Features and Benefits

The Nikon D5600 wins the features comparison with a score of 72/100, while the Nikon D3400 scores 54/100. Both cameras share some specifications, such as screen size, with the D3400 featuring a 3-inch screen and the D5600 having a slightly larger 3.2-inch screen. Neither camera has GPS, but both have Bluetooth connectivity.

The D5600 excels in several aspects compared to the D3400. It has a higher screen resolution of 1,037,000 dots, compared to the D3400’s 921,000 dots, providing a clearer and sharper display. The D5600 also features a touchscreen, making navigation and control more intuitive. Additionally, the D5600 has a flip screen, allowing for greater flexibility when shooting from different angles. The D5600 also includes Wi-Fi connectivity, enabling easy sharing and remote control of the camera.

The D3400, despite scoring lower in features, still has some advantages. Its smaller screen size results in a more compact and lightweight design, which may be preferable for those who prioritize portability. However, the lack of a touchscreen, flip screen, and Wi-Fi may limit its appeal for some users.

Considering these points, the Nikon D5600 is the clear winner in terms of features, offering a better overall user experience with its touchscreen, flip screen, and Wi-Fi connectivity. The Nikon D3400, while more compact, falls short in providing the same level of convenience and versatility.

Built-in Flash
A built-in flash will often be positioned right above the lens. This will automatically pop up when you activate it.
External Flash
External flashes are often connected through a hot shoe at the top of a camera, or a cable at the side of the camera.
GPS features in a camera will include location metadata to each of your photographs.
Weather Sealing
Weather sealing capabilities will give you more confidence when shooting in unfavourable conditions.
Screen Type
Touch Screen
Touchscreen allows you to change camera settings and access menus with a swipe of your finger, instead of using buttons.
Screen Size
Screen Resolution
Screen dots indicate the resolution of the LCD screen by including each sub pixel.
921,000 dots
1,037,000 dots
Flip Screen
A flip screen (or articulating screen) is a second screen which can flip out from the side or top of the camera. This rotating screen allows you more freedom to take photos at different angles.
Live View
Live View feature allows you to see a continuous live video of what is being seen through your lens.
Bluetooth capabilities allow you wireless control of your camera with other external devices.

Nikon D3400 vs D5600 Storage and Battery

The Nikon D3400 wins in the storage and battery category with a score of 45/100, while the Nikon D5600 trails closely with a score of 43/100. Both cameras have one memory card slot and accept SD, SDHC, and SDXC memory cards. However, the D5600 is compatible with UHS-I cards, offering faster transfer speeds.

The D3400 outperforms the D5600 in battery life, providing 1200 shots per charge compared to the D5600’s 970 shots. Both cameras use the same battery type, the EN-EL14a, and neither has USB charging capabilities.

Although the D5600 falls short in battery life, it compensates with its UHS-I compatibility for quicker data transfers. The D3400’s longer battery life makes it a more suitable option for extended shooting sessions.

Considering the storage and battery aspects, the Nikon D3400 proves to be a slightly better choice due to its longer battery life. However, the Nikon D5600’s faster memory card compatibility may appeal to users who prioritize quicker data transfers.

Storage and Battery
Storage and Battery
Memory Card
SD / SDHC / SDXC (UHS-I compatible)
Dual Memory Card Slots
Battery Type
Battery Life
Approximately how long this cameras battery will last measured by how many photographs you will be able to take.
1,200 shots
970 shots
USB Charging
Sensor scores tested by DXOMARK
Overall Score
DXOMARK overall sensor score.
Portrait (Color Depth)
As described by DXOMARK 'The Portrait score in our camera sensor reviews defines color depth performance and its unit is a number of bits. A color depth of 22 bits is excellent; differences below 1 bit are barely noticeable.'
24.8 bits
24.1 bits
Landscape (Dynamic Range)
As described by DXOMARK 'The Landscape score in our camera sensor tests defines the maximum dynamic range of the camera sensor and its unit is an exposure value (EV). A value of 12 EV is excellent with differences below 0.5 EV usually not noticeable.'
13.9 EVs
14 EVs
Sports (Low-Light ISO)
Described by DXOMARK as 'The maximal value of ISO sensitivity needed to reach a given value of Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR). The greater the value, the better'

Alternatives to the Nikon D3400 and D5600

Nikon D3400 vs D5600 Comparison image.

Are you still undecided about which camera is right for you? Have a look at these popular comparisons that feature the Nikon D3400 or the Nikon D5600:

User Scores
B&H photo video
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