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Nikon D3500 vs D40X Comparison

Storage & Battery

Nikon D3500

Nikon D3500 product image

Nikon D40X

Nikon D40X
Nikon D3500
Nikon D40X
Refers to the year this camera was officially made available for sale.
Announcement Date
Refers to the date the manufacturer publicly announced the upcoming release and general specs of this camera.
August 30, 2018
March 06, 2007
Camera Type
Camera Size
Camera Weight

The Nikon D3500 outperforms the Nikon D40X with a 61/100 score, compared to the D40X’s 33/100. Both cameras are DSLRs and share similar dimensions, with the D3500 measuring 124 x 97 x 70mm and the D40X at 124 x 94 x 64mm. The D3500, released in 2018, is more recent and affordable at a launch price of $499.95, while the D40X was released in 2007 with a launch price of $998.

The D3500’s higher score reflects its superior performance, offering better features and technology due to its more recent release. However, the D40X has a slight advantage in weight, being lighter at 522g compared to the D3500’s 615g.

Taking these factors into account, the Nikon D3500 is the better choice for most photographers, offering improved performance and affordability. The Nikon D40X may be suitable for those prioritizing a lighter camera, but its lower score and older technology make it less appealing in comparison.

Nikon D3500 vs D40X Overview and Optics

The Nikon D3500 outperforms the Nikon D40X in optics, scoring 65/100 compared to the D40X’s 40/100. Both cameras share some common specifications, such as their APS-C sensor size, Nikon F lens mount, and lack of image stabilization. However, the D3500 surpasses the D40X in several key areas, making it the superior choice in terms of optics.

The D3500 has a higher megapixel count at 24, compared to the D40X’s 10, allowing for more detailed and higher resolution images. Additionally, the D3500 boasts a faster shooting speed of 5 frames per second, compared to the D40X’s 3, enabling users to capture fast-moving subjects more efficiently. The D3500 also benefits from a more advanced sensor type (CMOS) and processor (Expeed 4) than the D40X, which uses a CCD sensor and the Expeed processor. This results in better image quality and improved low-light performance for the D3500, which is further evidenced by its higher DXOMARK sensor score of 87, compared to the D40X’s 63.

While the D40X may not outshine the D3500 in terms of optics, it still provides decent image quality and performance for an older model. Its Nikon F DX lens mount is compatible with a wide range of lenses, allowing users to expand their shooting capabilities.

When comparing the optics of the Nikon D3500 and Nikon D40X, the D3500 emerges as the clear winner, offering superior image quality, resolution, and performance. However, the D40X remains a viable option for those seeking an affordable, entry-level DSLR with a range of compatible lenses.

The higher the number of megapixels, the more detail the cameras sensor can capture.
24 MP
10 MP
Image Resolution
Image resolution is measured in pixels and megapixels, width by height. The higher the number, the higher its resolution.
6000 x 4000 px
3872 x 2592 px
Sensor Type
The camera sensor captures light and records the image. Sensors vary in physical size, the number of pixels, and quality.
Sensor Size
The sensor size contributes to the overall quality as well as the dynamic and tonal range a camera can capture. As a rule of thumb, the more surface there is to read the light, the more information it will capture.
15.6 x 23.5 mm
16 x 24 mm
Sensor Format
Refers to the most commonly used sensor sizes.
Frame Rate
The number of sequential frames per second the camera can write to the memory card when shooting in burst or continuous mode.
5 fps
3 fps
Lens Mount
The lens mount will tell you what type of lens range you can fit onto the camera body. Often the same camera company will have different lens ranges for different cameras.
Nikon F
Nikon F DX
Image Processor
The image processor in the camera converts the information collected on the sensor for digital storage on the memory card.
Expeed 4
Aspect Ratio
The aspect ratio refers to the proportional difference between width and height. The most popular aspect ratios are 3:2 and 4:3.
Minimum ISO (Native)
Refers to the lowest native (or 'base') ISO setting. Lower ISO are less sensitive to light but make a cleaner image.
Maximum ISO (Native)
Refers to the highest native (or 'base') ISO setting. Higher ISO is necessary for low-light situations or night photography, but higher ISOs often introduce grain or noise.
Minimum ISO (Expanded)
Expanded (or extended) ISO is a digitally enhanced feature available on some cameras. It allows you to push beyond the native ISO range if necessary.
Maximum ISO (Expanded)
Expanded (or extended) ISO is a digitally enhanced feature available on some cameras. It allows you to push beyond the native ISO range if necessary.
Minimum Shutter Speed
The minimum shutter speed will tell you the longest exposure your camera can take without using an external accessory.
30 s
30 s
Maximum Shutter Speed
The maximum shutter speed tells you the length inside 1 second the camera will capture. These can sometimes be extended with accessories such as extra external batteries.
1/ 4000 s
1/ 4000 s
Autofocus Points
Autofocus points show where the camera is focusing graphically as squares or brackets in Live View or on an electronic viewfinder. These points are also used for light meter readings.
In-body Stabilization
In-body Stabilization means the camera has a certain technology embedded that counteracts camera shake.
Viewfinder Type
The viewfinder type is either electronic or optical. Electronic viewfinders will have a small screen in the viewfinder. Optical viewfinders will use prisms and mirrors to look through the lens.
Optical (pentamirror)
Optical (pentamirror)

Nikon D3500 vs D40X Video Performance

When comparing the video capabilities of the Nikon D3500 and the Nikon D40X, it is important to note that the Nikon D40X does not have any video functionality. This means that if video recording is a priority for you, the Nikon D3500 is the only option between these two cameras.

The Nikon D3500 has a video score of 56 out of 100. The camera can record Full HD videos with a maximum resolution of 1920×1080 pixels. The highest video frame rate it can achieve is 60 frames per second, allowing for smooth and detailed footage. However, the D3500 does not have built-in time-lapse functionality.

When considering these two cameras, the Nikon D3500 is the clear choice for those interested in video capabilities. The Nikon D40X, lacking video functionality, is not suitable for videographers. The D3500 offers Full HD video recording, ensuring that users can capture high-quality footage for their projects.

Indicates if this camera is capable of recording video.
Max Video Resolution
The best resolution this camera can capture video in. Modern cameras can capture up to 8K video.
Full HD
Max Video Dimensions
Video resolution measured by the greatest number of pixels possible in each frame, width by height. A higher resolution means more detail or clarity in your video.
1920×1080 px
Max Video Frame Rate
How many frames per second your video will capture. Most cameras have options for multiple frame rates, depending on the resolution you shoot in. For a general video, 24p or 30p is the standard, but more serious filmmakers may need a higher frame rate for creative effect.
60 p
Time-Lapse Built In
A built in time-lapse mode will allow continuous shooting throughout a prolonged period of time to be compressed into a sped up video.
Video File Format
Different cameras can record in various video file formats. The File format you record in can impact how you edit and use the files.

Nikon D3500 vs D40X Features and Benefits

The Nikon D3500 outperforms the Nikon D40X in features, with a score of 54/100 compared to the D40X’s 17/100. Both cameras share some specifications, including the absence of a touchscreen, flip screen, GPS, and WiFi. However, the D3500 surpasses the D40X in several aspects, making it the clear winner in this comparison.

The D3500 has a larger screen size of 3 inches, compared to the D40X’s 2.5 inches. Additionally, the D3500’s screen resolution is significantly higher at 921,600 dots, while the D40X has a mere 230,000 dots. This difference allows the D3500 to provide clearer and more detailed image previews and better menu navigation.

Another advantage of the D3500 is its Bluetooth connectivity, which the D40X lacks. The presence of Bluetooth allows users to easily transfer images to compatible devices and remotely control the camera with a smartphone.

The D40X, on the other hand, does not have any notable advantages over the D3500 in terms of features. Its lower score reflects its limited capabilities compared to its competitor.

Taking these factors into account, the Nikon D3500 is the superior camera in terms of features. Its larger and higher resolution screen, as well as its Bluetooth connectivity, make it a better choice for photographers seeking a more user-friendly and versatile camera. The D40X, with its lower score and fewer features, falls short in comparison and does not offer any significant advantages.

Built-in Flash
A built-in flash will often be positioned right above the lens. This will automatically pop up when you activate it.
External Flash
External flashes are often connected through a hot shoe at the top of a camera, or a cable at the side of the camera.
GPS features in a camera will include location metadata to each of your photographs.
Weather Sealing
Weather sealing capabilities will give you more confidence when shooting in unfavourable conditions.
Screen Type
Touch Screen
Touchscreen allows you to change camera settings and access menus with a swipe of your finger, instead of using buttons.
Screen Size
Screen Resolution
Screen dots indicate the resolution of the LCD screen by including each sub pixel.
921,600 dots
230,000 dots
Flip Screen
A flip screen (or articulating screen) is a second screen which can flip out from the side or top of the camera. This rotating screen allows you more freedom to take photos at different angles.
Live View
Live View feature allows you to see a continuous live video of what is being seen through your lens.
Bluetooth capabilities allow you wireless control of your camera with other external devices.

Nikon D3500 vs D40X Storage and Battery

The Nikon D3500 outperforms the Nikon D40X in storage and battery, scoring 48/100 compared to the D40X’s 27/100. Both cameras share common specifications, including a single memory card slot and compatibility with SD and SDHC memory cards. Neither camera supports USB charging.

The D3500 has a significant advantage in battery life, offering 1550 shots per charge with its EN-EL14a battery, whereas the D40X provides only 520 shots using its EN-EL9 battery. Additionally, the D3500 accepts SDXC memory cards, giving users more storage capacity options.

The D40X does not surpass the D3500 in any storage or battery aspects. The D3500 clearly offers better battery life and storage options, making it a more practical choice for photographers who require extended shooting sessions and increased memory capacity.

Storage and Battery
Storage and Battery
Memory Card
Dual Memory Card Slots
Battery Type
Battery Life
Approximately how long this cameras battery will last measured by how many photographs you will be able to take.
1,550 shots
520 shots
USB Charging
Sensor scores tested by DXOMARK
Overall Score
DXOMARK overall sensor score.
Portrait (Color Depth)
As described by DXOMARK 'The Portrait score in our camera sensor reviews defines color depth performance and its unit is a number of bits. A color depth of 22 bits is excellent; differences below 1 bit are barely noticeable.'
22.4 bits
Landscape (Dynamic Range)
As described by DXOMARK 'The Landscape score in our camera sensor tests defines the maximum dynamic range of the camera sensor and its unit is an exposure value (EV). A value of 12 EV is excellent with differences below 0.5 EV usually not noticeable.'
11.4 EVs
Sports (Low-Light ISO)
Described by DXOMARK as 'The maximal value of ISO sensitivity needed to reach a given value of Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR). The greater the value, the better'

Nikon D3500 vs D40X – Our Verdict

Nikon D3500 vs D40X Comparison image.

Are you still undecided about which camera is right for you? Have a look at these popular comparisons that feature the Nikon D3500 or the Nikon D40X:

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